Companion Planting Table

  Good Companions Bad Companions
Apples Chives, Horsetail (Equisetum), Foxgloves, Wallflowers
Nasturtiums, Garlic, Onions
Grass, Potatoes
Apricots Basil, Tansy, Southernwood Tomatoes, Sage
Asparagus Tomatoes, Parsley, Basil  
Basil Tomatoes, Asparagus, Parsley, Apricots  
Beans Carrots. Cucumbers, Cabbages, Lettuce, Peas, Parsley
Cauliflower, Spinach, Summer Savory
Onions, Garlic, Fennel, Gladioli, Sunflowers, Kohlrabi
Beans, broad Potatoes, Sweetcorn  
Beans. Dwarf Beetroot, Potatoes  
Beetroot Onions, Silverbeet, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Cabbage
Dwarf Beans
Tall beans
Borage Strawberries  
Brussels Sprouts Nasturtiums  
Broccoli   Strawberries
Cabbages Beans, Beetroot. Celery, Mint, Thyme, Sage, Onions
Rosemary, Dill, Potatoes, Chamomile, Oregano
Hyssop, Southernwood, Nasturtiums, Tansy, Coriander
Rue, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Garlic
Carrots Peas, Radishes. Lettuce, Chives, Sage, Onions, Leeks  
Carnations   Hyacinths
Cauliflowers Celery. Beans, Tansy, Nasturtiums Strawberries
Celery Tomatoes, Dill. Beans, Leeks, Cabbage, Cauliflowers  
Chamomile Mint, Cabbages, Onions  
Chervil Dill, Coriander, Radish  
Chives Parsley, Apples, Carrots, Tomatoes  
Citrus Guava  
Coriander Dill, Chervil, Anise, Cabbages, Carrots Fennel
Cucumbers Potatoes (early crop only), Beans, Celery, Lettuce
Sweet Corn, Savoy Cabbages, Sunflowers, Nasturtiums
 
Dill Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Fennel, Coriander  
Fennel Dill, Coriander Beans, Tomatoes, Kohlrabi, Coriander, Wormwood
Foxgloves Apples, Potatoes, Tomatoes  
Fuchsias Basil, Gooseberries, Tomatoes  
Garlic Roses, Apples, Peaches Peas, Beans, Cabbages, Strawberries
Geraniums Grapevines  
Gladioli   Strawberries, Beans, Peas
Grapevines Geraniums, Mulberries, Hyssop, Basil, Tansy  
Guava Citrus  
Horseradish Fruit trees, Potatoes  
Hyacinth   Carnations
Hyssop Grapevines, Cabbages Radishes
Kohlrabi Beetroot, Onions Tomatoes, Beans, Fennel
Leeks Carrots, Celery  
Lettuce Carrots, Onions, Strawberries, Beetroot, Cabbages
Radishes, Marigolds
 
Marigolds Lettuce, Potatoes, Tomatoes, Roses, Beans  
Melons Sweet Corn  
Mint Cabbages, Chamomile Parsley
Nasturtiums Apples, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts, Kohlrabi, Turnips, Radishes
Cucumbers, Zucchini
 
Onions Carrots, Beetroot, Silverbeet, Lettuce, Chamomile
Kohlrabi, Summer Savory
 
Oregano Cabbages  
Parsley Tomatoes, Asparagus, Roses, Chives  
Parsnips Peas, Potatoes, Peppers, Beans, Radishes, Garlic Carrots, Celery, Caraway
Peaches Tansy, Garlic, Basil, Southernwood  
Pears   Grass
Peas Potatoes, Radishes, Carrots, Turnips Onions, Shallots, Garlic, Gladioli
Potatoes Peas, Beans, Cabbage, Sweetcorn, Broad Beans
Green Beans, Nasturtiums, Marigolds, Foxgloves
Horse Radish, Egg Plant
Apples, Cherries, Cucumbers (with any but early crops)
Pumpkins, Sunflowers, Tomatoes, Raspberries, Rosemary
Pumpkins Sweetcorn Potatoes
Radishes Lettuces, Peas, Chervil, Nasturtiums Hyssop
Raspberries Tansy Blackberries, Potatoes
    Potatoes
Roses Garlic, Parsley, Onions, Mignonette, Marigolds  
Rue   Sage, Basil
Sage Carrots, Cabbages, Strawberries Basil, Rue, Wormwood
Savory Beans, Onions  
Silverbeet Onions, Beetroot, Lavender  
Spinach Strawberries  
Squash Sunflowers  
Strawberries Borage, Lettuce, Spinach, Sage, Pyrethrum Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Brussels Sprouts
Gladioli, Tomatoes, Broccoli, Garlic
Sunflowers Squash, Cucumber Potatoes
Sweetcorn Broad Beans, Potatoes, Melons, Tomatoes
Cucumber, Squash, Tansy
 
Tansy Cabbage, Roses, Raspberries, Grapes, Peaches  
Thyme Cabbage family  
Tomatoes Asparagus, Celery, Parsley, Basil, Carrots, Chives
Marigolds, Foxgloves, Garlic, Sweetcorn
Rosemary, Potatoes, Kohlrabi, Fennel
Apricots, Strawberries, Dill
Turnips Nasturtiums, Peas  
Wallflowers Apples  
Wormwood   All other plants
Zucchini Nasturtiums  

Source: Companion Planting in Australia – Brenda Little
 
 
 
 

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31 Responses to “Companion Planting Table”

  1. Charlie Says:

    Woohoo, this is very useful! thank you so much!

  2. Don Says:

    Wonderful reference. Companion planting makes organic growing so much easier!

  3. frazzledsugarplummum Says:

    Thanks for this .. I am reading through all your posts…again. Thank you for all the effort you have put in.

  4. tinyinc Says:

    Brilliantly useful table. Thank you so much for sharing….

  5. Vanessa Says:

    Extremely useful, even though I’m round the other side of the world – and your garden is an inspiration. Thank you!

  6. Mary Gevatosky Says:

    Very useful as I begin redesigning my gardens. Thank you

  7. John Says:

    Love your site. Very informative. I’m setting up a small garden right now. Planned on using companion plants, and your references to good matches really helps so much. I’ve got two ultra-dwarf apples, (Fuji and Golden Delicious), two ultra dwarf bing cherries, and an ultra dwarf apricot. I wouldn’t have thought to plant onions, chives, or garlic beneath them. Now, I will, as that will free up space in my 4 ft by 4 ft planter for carrots, lettuces, spinach , some strawberries, and sage , separate from other herbs that might not go so well with sage. I’m also going to plant strawberries as grpound cover underneath my grape vines. I would never have thought to do that until I found your site. And I’m also going to acquire some Desiree’ and Russet potatoes , as well, and grow peas and beans above them. What a great use of space and companion plants. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you.

  8. David G Says:

    Thank you for this chart. You have more information in this chart than some books on the subject. As I read thru it I kept going out to the garden to add stuff. Like basil beneath my tomatoes.

  9. Edwina Says:

    Do you have any hints regarding growing/companion planting for Sweet Potatoes? I’m in Newcastle NSW.

    • Blackthorn Says:

      Hi Edwina,

      In Jackie French’s book ‘Jackie French’s Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand’ - a great book which I highly recommend, she suggests growing corn nearby to atttract parastic wasps, whuch prey on leaf beetles. They don’t normally have much trouble with pests and diseases though.

      Plant sweet potatoes about 45cm apart, and beyond that, they’re a fairly vigorous vine that grows pretty well on its owm.

      Don’t give them too much nitrogenous fertilizer as you’ll just get lots of green growth (top growth) at the expense of the tuber below.

      Regards

  10. Rob Scott Says:

    How do you know that these companion plants function well together?

  11. RiveredgeInsider Says:

    Thank you for this easy to read and use table! I wrote a blog post of incorporating companion planting in permaculture and biodynamic gardening and encouraged readers to see your site. happy planting!

  12. Kevin Bond Says:

    Thanks for this table. In the books I have on Organic Fruit Growing, they also list Southernwood as beneficial for Apples. Has this changed? If so, what are the reasons for not using it? It is a natural insecticide, which doesn’t appear to harm the Apple trees i have them planted around.

    • Blackthorn Says:

      Hi Kevin,

      Thanks for raising this question. Southernwood is a great companion plant, it is a fantastic insect repellant, and from my understanding, is beneficial to many fruit trees, definitely recommended!
      The issue with companion tables is that some plants are beneficial to so many things, that you’d almost have to list them against everything.
      I have two southernwood plants in my garden, one growing near a dwarf peach tree, and also alongside a lemon guava (yellow guava).

      Regards

  13. Ted Says:

    Why are strawberries and garlic bad companions?

    • Blackthorn Says:

      My guess it it may have something to do with some substance exuded by the garlic roots that strawberries find disagreeable. Sometimes the interactions between plants are simple to explain scientifically, some, such as this, are more complex. Remember that a lot of companion relationships have been determined through practical experience and have been confirmed and validated by many people over a long period of time, even though the machanisms by which they work may still not be clear.

  14. Alexandra Says:

    Thanks to Ted and your response. The question is, do I now need to dig up my strawberries and plant elsewhere, or do I persist with the current planting and know that I won’t have a hug crop on either plant? My strawberries are planted between leeks and brussel sprouts, I’m in Adelaide, South Australia.

    • Blackthorn Says:

      Hi Alexandra, leeks are OK with strawberries, it’s just the brassicas that are a problem, so you don’t have to remove the perennial plants -the strawberries, you just need to wait till the annual brassicas die down and the problem is solved.

  15. Julie Says:

    I have always read that fennel and dill were very bad companions as they cross with each other and ruin the distinctive taste of each of them. Many people advise to keep fennel separate from everything and most of all away from dill…

  16. Jenny Says:

    What would you consider a suitable distance for avoiding bad interactions. I have a mixed vegie garden and I want to plant single garlic bulbs among various vegetables. How far should I keep the garlic away from the beans to avoid a bad interaction? Thanks

    • Blackthorn Says:

      That’s a bit of a ‘how long is a piece of string?’ question! Trying to figure how far the antibacterial root exudate of garlic travels in an almost infinite range of possible soil conditions is not something you can put exact figures on.

      How far do you keep a dog from a cat?
      As far away as possible!

  17. Devi Says:

    Heyyy,
    I’m so happy that I stumbled upon your site coz I’ve been looking for a plant companion table quite some. Thank you so much!!! And all the best for you!!!

  18. Cynthia from St. Albert Says:

    I don’t see any reference to blueberries at all. Can I plant blueberries with raspberries?

  19. Julie Says:

    I just came back from a trip in the Appeninnes of Italy – raspberries and wild blueberries are growing happily side by side all over!!!

  20. Lynette Crews Says:

    Please tell us why we should not plant potatoes and tomatoes together.

    • Angelo (admin) Says:

      Both are Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and both are susceptible to the plant diseases Early Blight (Alternaria solani) and Late Blight or Potato Blight (Phytophthora infestans). Planted together, they can infect each other, and if you plant them in the same place each year, the disease will build up in the soil and progressively get worse, which is why people use crop rotation of annual vegetables, and try not to grow plants of the same family in the same area for three years. Also, potatoes more susceptible to potato blight when planted near tomatoes.

  21. Julien Says:

    Hi
    Thanks a lot for what you did on this site, very inspiring! I live in the desert I am looking after a small garden that has date palms. What would you suggest planting as companions for date palms?

    • Angelo (admin) Says:

      If data palms are native to your area, in other words, if they grow naturally there, have a look what plants grow around them in nature, and plant similar plants – especially the useful ones you can use.

      You can also look into oasis agro-ecosystems, it’s a model used in arid environments which is a three-story
      inter-cropping system of date palms, fruit trees and annual crops.

  22. M.C.Host Says:

    This table explains why some areas of my current garden are behaving the way they do -such as the mint/parsley not working together!

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