Gardening Calendar (Australian Temperate Climate) – July

It’s July, Midwinter has arrived! As all of Nature’s energies turn inwards, and life comes to a standstill, we finally have a chance to rest and reflect too. This month temperatures will hit their lowest for the year, rain will fall for half the month, and the windiest time of the year in Melbourne begins.

There are still a limited range of seeds to sow, and lots of opportunity for winter pruning, relocating deciduous plants and planting new ones!

Things to Do This Month:

  • Plant deciduous trees, shrubs, vines and cane fruits. Wait till spring for planting citrus.
  • Divide existing perennials and plant new perennials.
  • Protect plants that are not frost-hardy in frost-prone areas. Frost-tender plants in pots are more vulnerable as roots are above ground, wrap pots of plants with plastic bubble-wrap or hessian.
  • Install windbreaks, such as the plastic tree guard sleeves, around newly planted evergreens.
  • Prune deciduous fruit trees (not apricots, best to prune these in late autumn when the leaves start yellowing, during dry, preferably windy weather to prevent diseases entering the pruning cuts). To prune fruit trees, first cut away any dead or diseased wood, then cut away any branches growing inwards towards the centre or crossing other branches (to prevent rubbing and bark damage), and finally, prune tree to shape using the appropriate technique for that species.
  • Prune deciduous shrubs (and it’s rose pruning time in July too!)
  • Finish pruning grape vines and take hardwood cuttings from these for propagation.
  • Finish pruning currants and gooseberries and take hardwood cuttings from these for propagation.
  • Apply organic fertiliser to fruit trees at the end of July, so that the slowly released nutrients will become available when the new growth commences.
  • Spray peaches and nectarines to protect against leaf curl fungus. Use lime sulphur or a copper fungicide at the bud swell stage (just before the buds begin to open) but before pink bud stage or colour shows. It is too late to spray once flowering occurs.
  • If you use horticultural glue bands on tree trunk to prevent winter insects crawling up the tree to lay their eggs, now is the time to replace the glue bands with new ones.
  • Relocate any deciduous plants (trees, shrubs, vines) or herbaceous perennial plants growing in the wrong place in winter. (Evergreens can only be moved in autumn and early spring, where they have time to regrow roots – remember, they retain leaves in winter which transpire and lose water!).
  • Sow seeds from berry producing trees and shrubs. Stratification (exposure to cold) over winter will break seed dormancy.
  • Some perennials can be propagated from root cuttings, which can be taken through winter.
  • Continue propagation of hardwood cuttings which began in autumn – prune off 30cm long shoots of current season’s growth, cut off the soft growing tip, cut off the bottom end below a bud, and dip end into rooting hormone. Make a ‘slit trench’ by pushing a spade into soil and rocking it back and forth. In clay soil, add some coarse sand for drainage. Put cuttings in so 2/3 is below the soil, and press the soil down around them. Cuttings will root and be ready to plant next autumn.
  • Continue planting strawberry runners and shallot bulbs.

Vegetables and Herbs to Sow:

Sow in July   Harvest (weeks)
Beetroot ds 7-10
Lettuce ds 8-12
Mustard greens d 5-8
Onion ds 25-34
Peas d 9-11
Radish d 5-7
Shallots d 12-15
Snow Peas d 12-14
Strawberry runners d 11
Strawberries (seed) s 12 months

Key:
d = sow directly into ground
s = sow in seed tray
ds = sow directly into ground or seed tray

Download printable PDF version of Gardening Calendar (Australian Temperate Climate) – July

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Technological Utopianism – Why bad ideas cause very real environmental problems

Technology in the hands

Is science going to solve all the world’s problems? Can we continue engaging in practices which cause environmental damage and disregard our impact on the planet because ‘one day in the future’, through our technological brilliance, someone else will be able to fix it and all other problems? This is what the ideology of Technological Utopianism proposes, and it’s a more commonly held belief than many people would imagine. What do you think?

Read the article I wrote for Permaculture Research Institute (PRI) on their website  – Technological Utopianism – Why bad ideas cause very real environmental problems

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Crowd Funding Campaign – Safer Choices for You and Nature by Sustainable Gardening Australia Foundation

SGA-banner-300x169

Would you like to help others know which of the 1000+ garden chemical products in Australia are safer for you and your environment?

Help create a research-based App showing the safety for you and your environment of 1000+ garden products in Australia for pest, weed & disease control or to improve soil fertility

Sustainable Gardening Australia (SGA) is excited to have just launched a crowd funding campaign on Chuffed.org (campaign ends on 24th July 2017) to help fund the development and maintenance of a research-based web-app that indicates the safety for people and their environment of 1000+ garden products for pest, weed & disease control or to improve soil fertility.

This App will help home and professional gardeners make informed choices on how to reduce the use of chemicals that may have negative effects on human health and environmental impacts.

As a not-for-profit organisation, relying mainly on volunteers and donations, and with the assistance of Burnley College, University of Melbourne, SGA has developed a unique database which scores chemicals against 11 criteria indicating human and environmental impacts of each product.

For ease of use and to assist people make informed decisions, each product will be rated from 1 to 6 stars and show levels of safety for humans, bees and other insects, fish and birds, persistence in soils and likelihood of polluting waterways. In addition, it will suggest chemical-free alternatives to gardening problems.

SGA would appreciate your assistance in this campaign by sharing this initiative with your community or making a donation.

You can make a tax-deductible donation or read more about this campaign on the Crowdfunding campaign page and if you’d like to help spread the word on social media you can use the following links:

Thanks for your support!

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How to Kill a Tree Stump Without Poisonous Chemicals

640px-Freshly_cut_tree_stump
(Image source: Childzy, Wikimedia Commons)

Sometimes we need to cut down trees to remove them, but chopping trees down to the ground does not stop them putting out new growth from the stump or from the roots and eventually turning back into full sized trees again.

In fact, the technique of cutting trees down to a stump and letting them regrow is called coppicing, it’s a traditional woodland management technique and many trees can be coppiced for timber harvesting or other reasons and successfully regrow.

To get rid of a tree stump, you don’t need to chop or dig it out of the ground, use expensive machine or poisonous chemicals. Why avoid chemicals marketed as “Blackberry & Brush Killer” or “Tree & Blackberry Weed Killer”? You seriously do not want to contaminate your garden with these persistent poisons!

Avoiding the poisonous chemicals

Tree & Blackberry Weed Killer, Blackberry & Brush Killer and other such herbicides used for killing tress, woody shrubs and vines all contain triclopyr BEE (butoxyethyl ester), a selective systemic herbicide used for control of woody and broadleaf plants.

It’s a schedule 6 (S6) Poison, which is the highest toxicity level of poison that the general public is legally allowed to buy, and it’s going in your living space… Once it’s there, it will be around for a while too. Being a systemic herbicide, it soaks right through the plant or tree, making all parts of it toxic. The herbicide actually remains active once it’s in vegetation, even if it’s decaying. The safety sheets for triclopyr BEE sold to the agricultural market (sold under the trade name Garlon or Release) clearly state “DO NOT burn off, cut or clear for 6 months after treatment.” The contaminated waste contains active herbicide will still kill other plants and trees and burning it creates toxic fumes. This is not mentioned at all in the same products sold to the general public, which is highly irresponsible.

Why do agricultural products have extensive and highly detailed safety precautions that may be many pages long while the same products sold to the public have only a sentence or two? Well, chemical manufacturers couldn’t really care less about the health of the general public, but are very cautious in terms of liability and litigation should their products cause farmers to lose millions from accidental crop failures, which they would be sued for! It’s all about money…

It’s important to keep in mind that the contaminated tree material poisoned with triclopyr BEE will be toxic for at least half a year, and if you put any of the material into your soil or compost it will contaminate that too – it will kill plants and trees. The estimated half-life (where the chemical breaks down to half the original amount) in aboveground drying foliage is 2 to 3 months

Any triclopyr BEE applied will not stay at the site of application either. Soil mobility refers to how easily a chemical can wash away, move through soil and affect non-target plants and trees, as well as contaminate the water table or wash into waterways.

According to the Thurston County Health Department review of this herbicide, “Triclopyr BEE will quickly convert to triclopyr acid after application, which is highly water soluble and adheres poorly to soil, therefore, herbicides containing triclopyr BEE are considered high in mobility hazard.” 

We’ve already mentioned that this toxic herbicide will persist for a while and doesn’t break down readily. How long exactly? The Thurston County Health Department review  tells us:

Triclopyr BEE will convert to the acid form within a day of application and it is unlikely to dissipate into the air or break down interacting with water (hydrolysis). Triclopyr is primarily broken down by microorganisms in the top 12 inches of soil but when it gets deep into soil, where there is less oxygen, it can persist for years. Triclopyr is likely to break down to less than 50% of the applied concentration within 60 days of a land application, which is rated as moderately persistent.”

Since triclopyr is mobile in soil and moderately persistent it has a potential to leach into soil and groundwater and to contaminate drinking water. In terms of toxicity, triclopyr is considered moderately toxic to mammals and oysters, and low in toxicity to birds, insects, fish and crustaceans.

So, you can go the ‘man versus Nature’ chemical warfare approach and use triclopyr, which will contaminate your living area and the environment, or you can kill a tree stump much more safely and cheaply using a more sensible approach.

In Permaculture, the problem is the solution

In Permaculture’s design principles, we have the Attitudinal Principle – “Everything Works Both Ways”. Whether we see something as positive or negative, as a ‘problem’ or as a useful resource, depends on our attitude. Typically, people see a disadvantage as a ‘problem’ and then implement an energy-intensive ‘solution’ to attempt to ‘fix the problem’. The other option is to take a different attitude, look at everything as a positive resource, and figure out how to make use of it! We can get creative and think of all the ways we can turn these disadvantages into useful things we can use in our system.

With this in mind, have you ever accidentally killed a young tree or plant by over fertilizing, or known anyone that has? It happens all too often, with people getting carried away with large amounts of chicken manure in their garden, and especially with young citrus trees because gardeners hear that they’re ‘heavy feeders’ and over-feed them!

When excessive fertilizer is applied around the roots of a plant or tree, it creates a high concentration of salts in the soil, and through osmosis, water naturally moves from areas of low salt concentration to areas of high salt concentration to equalize the proportion of water to fertilizer salts. What large amounts of fertilizer do is draw water out of the roots, drying the plant or tree out, causing the symptoms of lack of water, such as leaf burn, and if the desiccation is extreme enough, the death of the plant or tree results – this phenomenon is called fertilizer burn.

The osmotic desiccation of plants through fertilizer burn can be a problem when over-fertilizing, but it can be used to our benefit to  kill tree stumps too, with a few subtle changes to the process!

Killing tree stumps with Epsom salts

Epsom salts is nothing more than magnesium sulphate, people use it in their baths to relax, and gardeners use it as a supplementary nutrient to rectify magnesium deficiencies in plants and trees. It’s also readily available, cheap and completely safe for people and the environment.

Large amounts of Epsom salts will draw moisture out of a stump much like an over-application of fertilizer does to roots, eventually drying it out, after which it will just naturally rot away. Any magnesium released into the soil will just be taken up by plants – magnesium is the key element in chlorophyll which allows plants to photosynthesize and makes leaves green.

To kill a tree stump with Epsom salts, you’ll need:

  1. A drill with a long drill bit about 25mm (1”) wide. You can use a drill with a spade bit or an auger bit as shown below.
    Drills and bits

    An electric drill with spade bit and hand brace with auger bit for drilling a tree stump

  2. A packet of Epsom salts

    Epsom Salts

  3. A sheet of plastic, garbage bag or tarp to cover the stump, to protect it from the rain

 

Procedure for killing a tree stump with Epsom salts:

  1. Drill holes into the top of the tree stump, using a 25mm (1”) drill bit. Drill holes at least 15-20cm (6-8”) deep using a spade bit or auger bit.

    On larger stumps, space the holes around 7-10cm (3-4”) from the bark edge and from each other. On smaller tree stumps aim for six or more holes. The intention is to create enough holes that run deep enough to hold a sufficient amount of Epsom salts so that it can more easily penetrate into the wood and the roots to dry them out.

  2. Fill all the holes with dry Epsom salts all the way to the top.
  3. Slowly add just enough water to each hole to moisten the Epsom salts  – it doesn’t need to be really wet, just moist, and be careful to not wash the Epsom salts out of the holes.
  4. To prevent the Epsom salts being washed out by rain, cover the stump a sheet of plastic, a garbage bag or a tarp, and anchor or fasten down the cover so it doesn’t get blown away by the wind.

That’s all there is to the process, it’s fairly straightforward!

Additionally, if roots extend from the side of the stump, they too can be drilled and filled with Epsom salts. If the stump if freshly cut, once it is drilled and the holes are filled with Epsom salts, the whole surface of the stump can also be cover with a thick layer of Epsom salts to speed up the drying process.

The stump can take up to six months to dry out, depending on the size of the tree and its root system. Check the stump each month to see if the level of the Epsom salts in the holes has dropped as it’s been absorbed. If it has, top up the level of the Epsom salts and moisten as before.

Hopefully you won’t have to kill too many trees on your gardening journey, but if you do have to remove a tree, this is definitely a much better way to get rid of living tree stumps than contaminating a garden with poisonous chemicals!

References:

  1. Thurston County Health Department – Thurston County Review, triclopyr BEE (butoxyethyl ester)
  2. EXTOXNET Extension Toxicology Network, Pesticide Information Profiles – Triclopyr
  3. National Pesticide Information Center – Triclopyr (Technical Fact Sheet)
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Growing Pistachio Nut Trees

640px-Pistacchio_di_Bronte
(Image Source – Paolo Galli, Wikimedia Commons)

With the ever-increasing interest in food growing worldwide, many people are trying their hand at growing nut trees with great success. Pistachio nuts are very popular, just about everyone loves them, and it’s inevitable that some gardeners will take interest in growing their very own pistachio nuts – which is a terrible idea! Why? Let me explain…

The pistachio nut tree (Pistacia vera) is a member of the Anacardiaceae family, and is related to the cashew, mango, and sumac, as well as the toxic poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac.  Pistachios are a small bushy deciduous tree native to western Asia and Asia Minor,from Syria to the Caucasus and Afghanistan, growing slowly to a height and spread of 10m (30’) when fully grown. As far as nut trees go, they’re considered small, and they can be pruned to maintain a certain height.

Pollination and production

Pistachio trees are dioecious, which means that trees produce only male or female flowers, so you need both a male and a female tree to produce nuts on the female tree and they’re wind-pollinated . A female tree won’t produce nuts unless a male tree is growing nearby, and to maximize the chances of pollination, the male tree is best planted upwind of every 10 to 15 female trees.

Bearing nuts takes a while, as pistachios have a long juvenile stage, they won’t typically produce much nuts for the first five years, and reach full production after 10-12 years. Another characteristic of pistachios is the tendency to biennial cropping, alternately bearing lots of nuts one year, then very little the following year.

Soil requirements

These trees are classes as phreatophytes, plants with a deep root system that allow them to mine the soil deeply and draw their water supply from near the water table. This adaptation allows pistachios to survive long periods of drought. They’re also considered to be more salt-tolerant than many other nut and tree fruit species. These attributes are consistent with what we’d expect to see in a arid semi-desert tree.

Pistachios do better in favourable soil conditions, they prefer soils with a pH close to neutral, and they need some soil depth – a potential rooting depth of 60cm (2’) above any clay or lime layers which would restrict the roots.

Suitable climate

The biggest restriction in growing pistachios is their climatic requirements. They require long, hot, dry summers and moderate winters. More precisely, to grow and produce nuts they require very hot summers (more than 600 hours above 30 degrees Celsius or 86 degrees Fahrenheit ) and very cold winters (more than 1,000 hours chill hours below 7 degrees Celsius or 44.6 degrees Fahrenheit), which translates to a winter dormancy period about 6 weeks with temperatures below 7 degrees Celsius.

What places have these unique climatic conditions? Arid semi-desert locations do. Pistachios actually do best and produce the most nuts in arid semi-desert climates which have long, hot dry summers with low humidity and cool but not frigid winters. During their growing season, pistachios thrive on heat, with summer temperatures of around 37 degrees Celsius (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit) producing large quantities of the best nuts.

Being semi-desert trees, pistachios dislike humidity during their growing season. High humidity, from summer and autumn rains for example, promotes fungal diseases, which will overwinter  on the trees and infect them the following year. Pollination is also affected by strong dry winds, late spring rains and frost.

The reality that prospective growers need to face is that there is very few places that are hot enough in summer and cold but mild enough in winter to grow pistachio nut trees!

In Australia, the northern states with their hot subtropical and tropical climates aren’t cool enough in winter, and the colder temperate southern states don’t get summers that are hot enough or long enough for reliable production, and they often don’t get enough chill hours either!

Just to show you how limited the locations for growing pistachios are across all of Australia, I’ve provided an extract and map from Pistachios“A Handbook for Farmers and Investors, Rural Industries Development Corporation, Australia.

What we find is that “Australia’s production of pistachio nuts and fruit is only about 25% of current domestic sales.Most nuts for the Australian market come from Iran and the USA. The major areas of commercial pistachio orchards are along the Murray River in NSW, Victoria and SA, but there are other orchards scattered through southern and central NSW, Victoria and the SA mallee. There is some interest in development of the crop in WA.”

pistachio growing areas australia

Looking at the maps, the four tiny orange spots around the northwest corner of Victoria and adjoining states are the only places that actually do produce pistachios in all of Australia, while it may be possible in the zones marked in green but it hasn’t been done yet.

Conclusion

To grow or not to grow, that is the question. Hopefully with this information, gardeners can make a better informed decision about whether it’s viable to grow semi-desert nut trees where they live!

Unless you live in a location that can provide a pistachio tree’s requirements and have space for two trees, my recommendation would be to choose a more appropriate nut tree which is less challenging and better suited to the climatic range where it will be grown.

 

References:

Pistachio Production Manual, Fourth Edition 2005, University of California, Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences

Pistachios – “A Handbook for Farmers and Investors, Rural Industries Development Corporation, Australia

Growing Pistachios – Pistachio Growers’ Association

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Product Review – Earthing Oz Sleep Deep Pad

Deep Sleep Pad

Sleep Deep Pad (image credit: Earthing Oz, www.EarthingOz.com.au, photo used with permission)

 

In my article “Earthing and Grounding – Restoring Your Natural Balance” I discussed how the modern lifestyle subjects the human body to unnatural conditions which are potentially harmful to health and wellbeing. When a person is electrically insulated from the ground by synthetic-soled shoes or non-conductive flooring surfaces, and then exposed to man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) from electrical and electronic equipment, unnatural electrical currents are created that flow in the human body, which are scientifically proven to have a biological effect – they change the way the body’s cells function, which is not a good thing at all.

We can restore the balance to our body by grounding (also known as earthing), essentially making contact with the ground to bring the body to the same electrical potential as the Earth itself. Grounding or earthing is nothing more than restoring our natural state of being, recreating the natural conditions our bodies are designed to function in. Outdoors, grounding can be as easy as walking barefoot on the beach, on grass or dirt, or being in physical contact with ground in some way or other, as humans have done for millennia.

Indoor locations are a greater concern, because we’re surrounded by man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of greater intensity, and indoor floor surfaces are mostly non-conductive, both exacerbating the problem and making it much harder to ground our bodies. So what’s the solution indoors? Fortunately, there are a range of earthing products available which are designed for indoor use to address this very problem.

 

One such product is the Earthing Oz – Sleep Deep Pad, it’s a quilted underlay made of conductive silver fabric designed to go on top of the mattress and under the fitted sheet. It comes with a detachable ground cord that connects to ground via the Earth ground port of an electrical outlet or an optional ground rod.

The Sleep Deep Pad fits all sized beds, whether single, queen or king size, and can be placed length-wise down a bed for one person to have their whole body on, or across a bed for two people to share. It’s made with a plush quilted material that feels soft and luxurious, so you won’t notice it underneath you when you’re lying on it. The upper conductive surface which does the work features a unique innovative 100% silver conductive patented fabric that you won’t see on other products.

How does it work? You don’t need direct skin contact with the conductive silver surface for the Sleep Deep Pad to work. The natural moisture of our skin allows conduction through fabrics such as bedclothes and fitted sheets through to the Sleep Deep Pad underneath and into to the ground.

What will this product do for you? Quite simply, it will ground your body, recreating the natural electrical state of the body that you experience when when you walk barefoot on grass, dirt or along the beach, just as Nature intended. The great part is that the Universal Earthing Mat will do this for you while you’re sleeping!

The Sleep Deep Pad will connect your body to the ground electrically, preventing unnatural electrical currents which may affect your health. According to the product description, it will also deliver other observable health benefits:

Medically Proven Health Benefits – better sleep quality, improved circulation and blood flow, relief from pain and inflammation, reduced stress, relief from muscle tension, boost to immune system plus many more benefits…”  There is a link provided to read about all these benefits in more detail in the Earthing Oz article Earthing Benefits for Inflammation and Healing – The Ultimate Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory  which you can check out.

When I test products, I aim to be very thorough in my testing, and in this case, to determine if there are any observable long-term benefits from using the Sleep Deep Pad, I tested the product over a period of three months, so I appreciate the patience of Earthing Oz for the time it’s taken to review their product!

 

First Impressions & Specifications

When I received my Sleep Deep Pad in the mail, Earthing Oz had thoughtfully packed the product inside a sturdy cardboard box, ensuring that the product was well protected in transit and that it arrived in pristine condition.  I really appreciate it when a business goes that extra step for their customers.

EarthingOz-Package_thumb4

 

Inside the box, the item and its included accessories were packed in a neat and orderly way. The Sleep Deep Pad comes in a clear plastic protective zip bag, and is supplied with a 3.6m (12 foot) grounding cord, an Adapter Plug with built in splitter and instructions.

Sleep Deep Pad Box Contents

Unpacking and unfolding the Sleep Deep Pad, you realize it’s is quite a decent size, measuring 45.7cm (18") x 90.2cm (35.5"). It has a nice soft, plush feel, and appears very well made. It’s also machine washable, making it very easy to clean.

Deep Sleep Pad - folded

The Sleep Deep Pad has a multi-layer quilted construction, with a conductive silver top surface, and an underside made of a durable grey fabric. The polyester batting in-between provides the padding and gives the soft, luxurious feel. The stitching is nice and tight, perfectly straight and even, and looks really well done. Overall the Sleep Deep Pad definitely looks like a quality product that is made to last.

Deep Sleep Pad - closeup2

 

According to the product description, the Sleep Deep Pad uses a new 100% silver conductive patented fabric, which is made from 50% polyester and 50% nylon tightly woven together and then metalized (dipped in silver). This process bonds the silver with the nylon in the fabric giving coverage across the entire surface area of the fabric.  Metalizing the fabric increasing the amount of silver in the product, creating a more effective conductive surface compared to other products which just use silver thread woven through the fabric.

Here is a close-up of the fabric, you can clearly see that the the silver coverage is 100% across the surface.

Deep Sleep Pad - closeup

If I’ve understood the product description correctly, because of the complete coverage of the silver surface, less body oils build up on the silver fibres, which means less washing and ultimately less wear and tear, which makes for a longer lasting product. Also, it’s worthwhile to mention the great benefit of the precious metal silver is that it’s anti-bacterial, and since the Sleep Deep Pad  is  constructed of real silver, this product also shares that property.

The Sleep Deep Pad connects to the earth with a grounding cord. One end of the grounding cord has a press-stud clip which snaps onto the pad and the other end of the grounding cord connects into an electrical outlet via the included Adapter Plug or to the optional earthing grounding rod system.

The Adapter Plug has a built in splitter, which allows you to connect a second earthing product to the same power outlet point, saving space on your wall points and saving money if you want to purchase and use other products like this one in the same room.

The grounding cord is a very generous length at 3.6m (12 foot) and will reach from a power outlet to almost any other point in an average-sized room. Another nice touch is the quality of the wire used on the grounding cord, it’s light but very sturdy, and the insulation is a white glossy plastic tangle-free plastic, like that used on decent quality headphones but much thicker and stronger.

Also included in the box is very clearly printed and well written ‘Usage, Care & Safety Instructions’ sheet. You can click on the image to view a larger version. The reverse side of this sheet includes additional general information which is applicable to all grounding/earthing products.

Sleep Deep Pad Instructions

My initial impressions are that this is a quality, well made product with some unique features to differentiate it from competing products.

Next we’ll set up the product and test it to see how well it does what it’s supposed to do, ground you!

 

Setting Up the Sleep Deep Pad 

Setting up the Sleep Deep Pad is very quick and easy, you can set it all up in under five minutes.

Deep Sleep Pad - connecting

Here’s how to set up the Sleep Deep Pad in four easy steps:

  1. Place the Sleep Deep Pad on your mattress under the bed’s fitted sheet, with the bright silver side facing up.
  2. Clip the round press-stud end of the Grounding Cord to the Sleep Deep Pad.
  3. Plug the long end of the Grounding Cord into the Adapter Plug.
  4. Plug the adapter plug into a power outlet or power board.

In the picture below, everything is connected and ready to go!

Deep Sleep Pad - connected

 

Tests and Measures

In these tests, we’ll start by testing the individual components first,  then we’ll connect them all together as described earlier and conduct our performance tests.

Testing the individual components, we’ll begin by looking at the Grounding Cord. With a multimeter set to the Ohms range (electrical resistance). we can measure how well the Grounding Cord conducts electricity.

Grounding Cord Conductivity Sleep Dee[ Pad

The resistance reading is 98.1 kilo-ohms, so the grounding cord clearly has an internal resistance of around 100k (100,000 ohms). This is an additional electrical safety measure to limit current to safe levels if there was some unlikely major disaster with home mains wiring which the earth leakage detectors in the home fuses box should prevent. Having this backup safety measure is an excellent idea. How well will this safety measure work? Using ohms law, V=IxR, this will limit the current to 2.4mA in a 240V mains system such as in Australia, and to 1.1mA in a 110V US mains system, well below the level that will cause electric shock.

The next component to test is the Adapter Plug which has a built in splitter. For safety, the Live (Active) and Neutral pins are made of plastic and therefor cannot conduct any electricity at all, the only conductive pin is the Earth (Ground) pin. On the top of the plug are two points or sockets for the  grounding cords to plug into, allowing two grounding products to be connected to one mains outlet at the same time. These two connection points are 5mm wide sockets (a bit over 3/16”) which take the proprietary plug of the same dimensions found on one end of the grounding cord.

The Adapter Plug pictured below is compatible with an Australian mains plug, it’s also available in many other formats such as US, UK, Europe, Danish – Type K and Israel -Type H.

Earthing-Adapter-Plug_thumb5

 

If we test the Adapter Plug for electrical conductivity, we find that the Earth (Ground) pin is simply connected directly to the two grounding cord connection points as expected.

Earthing-Adapter-Plug-testing_thumb2

 

Now that we’ve looked at all the individual components, it’s time to connect them together see how well they work!

Sleep Deep Mat Testing Diagram

In this test I’ve once again set the a multimeter set to the Ohms range (electrical resistance) to measure how well our product conducts electricity.

I’ve connected the the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to the second grounding cord connection point on the Adapter Plug, and touched the multimeter’s red lead on the surface of the Sleep Deep Pad. What we’re doing is measuring how well the connection from the mains power outlet Earth pin to the Sleep Deep Pad’s surface conducts electricity.

Deep Sleep Pad - conductivity

Results of first test:

Our connection from the Sleep Deep Pad’s surface to ground has an electrical resistance of 98.1k, exactly the same as the safety resistance of the grounding cord, showing that we have a perfect electrical connection to the ground.

It bears mentioning that when I placed the multimeter probe down on the silver surface of the Sleep Dee[ Pad just to put it down, it instantly established a perfect electrical connection without having to press it at all! I’ve heard and read that silver is very highly conductive, I didn’t realise it was that conductive! So yes, the product will definitely connect you to the ground electrically, there’s no doubts about that!

The testing doesn’t end here though, we still need to determine whether the Sleep Deep Pad can reduce the stray electricity that unnaturally flows through our  bodies when we’re exposed to man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs), which leads us into our second phase of testing.

 

Performance Testing

In this test, standing in front of my bed on a polished wooden floor with rubber-soled shoes on (meaning that I’m very well insulated electrically from ground), I will measure the voltage produced in my body through exposure to EMFs created by the surrounding electrical equipment and wiring, then I’ll rest my hand directly on the Sleep Deep Pad to ground myself and observe if the voltage in my body drops.

Testing the body voltage is fairly straightforward:

  1. Set the multimeter range to a low AC Volts range
  2. Connect the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to an Earth/Ground connection (such as the grounding cord connection point on the Adapter Plug)*
  3. Touch the tip of the red multimeter lead with your fingers and read the AC voltage on the multimeter display.

Testing Body Voltage Diagram

* SAFETY NOTE – DO NOT push the tip of the multimeter lead directly into any power outlet to get a ground connection from the Earth/Ground pin, because if you accidentally put it into the Live or Neutral pin holes, YOU”LL GET ELECTROCUTED or damage your multimeter!!!

NOTE: You can get a safe ground connection by connecting the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to a tap/faucet, metal kitchen sink, copper water or gas pipe, a metal rod pushed into the dirt, or on the outside of your computer or other electronic equipment, any bare metal surface or screw, usually found on the back.

With the multimeter’s common lead connected safely to ground via the Adapter Plug, and my hand holding the tip of the other lead, my body is flowing 2.778V AC through it!

Sleep Deep Pad - body voltage no contact

 

Now, resting my hand on the Sleep Dee[ Pad, the voltage in my body drops down significantly from 2.778V AC to a just 0.286V AC, that’s almost a 90% reduction.

Sleep Deep Pad - body voltage contact

 

In the product description it states that direct skin contact is not required with the Sleep Deep Pad for it to ground the body, that it will work through a fitted sheet or clothing layer because of skin moisture.  No problem, we can test that too!

To replicate actual sleeping conditions, with my cotton pyjama pants on (pardon the bare feet!) and resting my clothed legs over the Sleep Deep Pad, my body voltage drops from from 2.778V AC to 0.373V AC. That’s a significant 86% reduction in body voltage. The photo was taken around 30 seconds after I placed my legs across the Sleep Deep Pad, so what little moisture was there seemed to do a great job grounding my body.

Sleep Deep Pad - body voltage leg contact

Curiously, what I did notice was that the longer I stayed there, the more my body voltage dropped. After a minute, my body voltage dropped from 0.373 V AC to 0.347V AC and progressively dropped second by second at a relatively slow rate.  I can only assume that this to be due to increasing skin moisture levels in the layers of fabric (my clothing) sitting between my skin and the conductive silver surface.

Sleep Deep Pad - body voltage leg contact2

There is obviously a limit to how low the recorded body voltage can drop. Once there is enough moisture present to establish the best conduction possible, body voltage could theoretically be reduced to almost the same level as when making  direct contact with the conductive silver surface of the Sleep Deep Pad without a layer of fabric in-between.

From this test we can conclude that the Sleep Deep Pad can ground the body without direct skin contact as claimed. With a layer or two of fabric over it (such as a fitted sheet and pyjamas), this test shows that it works perfectly well.

 

Results of second test:

In this test, the recorded body voltage of  2.778V AC dropped to 0.286V AC, an almost 90% reduction, when I made direct physical contact with the Sleep Deep Pad. With indirect skin contact (wearing pyjamas), the recorded body voltage of  2.778V AC dropped to 0.347V AC, an 86% reduction. As we can see, there is little difference in the results between direct and indirect contact through fabric such as clothes or sheets. We can definitely conclude that the Sleep Deep Pad does in fact reduce the body voltage created by EMFs.

So far the test results are excellent, but there’s still a third phase of testing to do to determine if the user of the product will feel any noticeable difference over the long term.

 

Long-Term Testing

At the beginning of this product review I stated that for the sake of thoroughness, and to determine if there are any observable long-term benefits from using the Sleep Deep Pad , I tested the product over a period of three months. The great thing with testing sleeping products is that you can literally do it in your sleep!

Results of third test:

Over this extended testing period, like most people, I experienced a whole range of things in my life, a mixture of the good, the bad and the bewildering. The events of our daily lives do have a significant impact on the quality of our sleep, so there was plenty going on to provide a good basis for comparison.

The outcomes of the long-term testing were the most interesting and convincing for me personally. So, what were my findings? Using the Sleep Deep Pad, I clearly felt a noticeable difference to my sleep. I definitely slept much better and woke up feeling much more refreshed, and I would attribute these benefits to being grounded while asleep. I honestly feel that I even slept better the first night I tried the Sleep Deep Pad. Even when sleep was cut short by late nights, or  disrupted by the incessant mental chatter which we all experience when we’re unsettled in our thoughts and feelings, I didn’t’ feel as tired in the morning as I normally would. Impressive? Yes, maybe, but consider that all we’re really doing here is restoring the human body’s natural conditions that it’s evolved to function best in, so there shouldn’t be any surprises here that we’re seeing these benefits.

The product promises the long term benefits of “better sleep quality, improved circulation and blood flow, relief from pain and inflammation, reduced stress, relief from muscle tension, boost to immune system” which are the the general benefits attributed to earthing/grounding.  During the course of testing this product, I managed to inflame a shoulder rotator-cuff tendon and catch a cold, but since I used a range of therapies to address these conditions and recover, it’s hard to objectively say to what extent sleeping grounded assisted in my recovery. That said, logic and reason would tell us that once the body is given the environment and conditions it naturally requires, the body can heal itself, healing and recovery can then take place unhindered. I would say it’s common sense, just like maintain a warm body temperature to get rid of a cold faster. Hippocrates, the father of modern western medicine once said “The natural healing force within each of us is the greatest force in getting well.”  When it comes to health and wellbeing, when we give our body what it needs, it usually takes care of the rest.

I’ve never seen an illness where the recommended recovery treatment is to electrically insulate the body and subject it to random electromagnetic fields which interfere haphazardly with biological processes -  so by not doing this unnatural thing to the body, and keeping it grounded, which is the body’s default natural state, it would follow that recovery can proceed naturally, unimpaired by external man-made detrimental influences. I understand that earthing/grounding has been used in professional sports to aid recovery, where they use what works regardless of opinion, so it would be reasonable to conclude that recovery from an inflammatory condition and temporary illness may have been assisted by sleeping grounded, but that is my opinion based on logical analysis.

 

Conclusion

The Sleep Deep Pad is a great product which I thoroughly recommend, I’ve felt a real difference using it, sleeping better and waking more refreshed. After testing the Sleep Deep Pad I’m convinced that earthing while sleeping aids recovery.  Why this product? It’s a quality, well-made, earthing/grounding undelay with a unique patented silver surface that makes it longer lasting and easier to care for. Considering that we sleep for around one-third of our lives, reducing the harmful effects of EMFs during sleep time can make a significant difference. If you only use one earthing product, this would be the one to go for! 

Deep Green rating for Earthing Oz  – Sleep Deep Pad is 5 stars!

5-star_thumb1

 

Purchasing the product:

In Australia, the Sleep Deep Pad can be purchased from Earthing Oz on their online store.

Earthing Oz supplied the product I tested, and my experience with then was very positive, they deliver excellent customer service, with prompt communication and great advice. For Australians It’s cheaper to purchase locally from Earthing Oz as this avoids international shipping fees.

If you’re outside Australia, the Sleep Deep Pad is available from Earthing.com and it’s called the Earthing Silver Plush Pad Kit on their website.

(Note: At the time of writing, Earthing did not have this product listed on Amazon, so I’m unable to include Amazon affiliate links to this product. I will add them once they become available)

 

If you are interested in submitting a product for review, please contact us via email at deep_green@optusnet.com.au , thanks!

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Product Review – Earthing Oz Universal Earthing Mat

Universal Mat Hands 
Universal Earthing Mat (image credit: Earthing Oz, www.EarthingOz.com.au, photo used with permission)

 

In my article “Earthing and Grounding – Restoring Your Natural Balance” I discussed how the modern lifestyle subjects the human body to unnatural conditions which are potentially harmful to health and wellbeing. When a person is electrically insulated from the ground by synthetic-soled shoes or non-conductive flooring surfaces, and then exposed to man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) from electrical and electronic equipment, unnatural electrical currents are created that flow in the human body. EMFs are scientifically proven to have a biological effect – they change the way the body’s cells function, which is not a good thing at all.

We can restore the balance to our body by grounding (also known as earthing), essentially making contact with the ground to bring the body to the same electrical potential as the Earth itself. It’s nothing more than restoring our natural state of being, recreating the natural conditions our bodies are designed to function in. Outdoors, grounding can be as easy as walking barefoot on the beach, on grass or dirt, or being in physical contact with ground in some way or other, as humans have done for millennia.

Indoor locations are a greater concern, because we’re surrounded by man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of greater intensity, and indoor floor surfaces are mostly non-conductive, both exacerbating the problem and making it much harder to ground our bodies. So what’s the solution indoors? Fortunately, there are a range of earthing products available which are designed for indoor use to address this very problem.

 

One such product is the Earthing Oz – Universal Earthing Mat, it’s a conductive, carbon-infused leatherette mat with a soft foam backing, which comes with a detachable ground cord that connects to the ground via the Earth ground port of an electrical outlet or an optional ground rod.

This is a very versatile product and can be used in various ways around the home or office, two locations where we spend most of our time, and where we most encounter various EMF sources. The Universal Earthing Mat can be used as a floor mat to place your bare feet on as you work at the computer, or as a desk mat to ground your hands while typing or using the keyboard and mouse, which is my preferred way to use this product.

What will this product do for you? Quite simply, it will ground your body, recreating the natural electrical state of the body that you experience when when you walk barefoot on grass, dirt or along the beach, just as Nature intended. The great part is that the Universal Earthing Mat will do this for you while you’re sitting at your desk at work, or engaging in some other indoor activity at home!

While it may be reassuring that the Universal Earthing Mat will connect your body to the ground electrically, preventing unnatural electrical currents which may affect your health, an inevitable question that will arise is whether this product will give any observable health benefit. Well, according to the product description:

When working in an office environment we are surrounded by very high electrical fields, which will cause people to feel fatigued, experience sore eyes and have less focus. By working "grounded" you will greatly reduce the electrical voltage you are being exposed to, keeping the body balanced, and greatly reducing or eliminating electrical stress on the body.”

When I test products, I aim to be very thorough in my testing, and in this case, to determine if there are any observable long-term benefits from using the Universal Earthing Mat, I tested the product over a period of three months, so I appreciate the patience of Earthing Oz for the time it’s taken to review their product!

 

First Impressions & Specifications

When I received my Universal Earthing Mat in the mail, opening the shipping packaging, I found that Earthing Oz had thoughtfully packed the product inside a sturdy cardboard box, ensuring that the product was well protected in transit and that it arrived in pristine condition.  I really appreciate it when a business goes that extra step for their customers.

EarthingOz Package

Universal Earthing Mat

The Universal Mat measures 25cm x 68cm (10” x 27”) and is supplied with a 3.6m (12 foot) grounding cord and an Adapter Plug with built in splitter.

The mat itself is black in colour, with a grey foam underside. The black top surface is actually the conductive carbon-infused leatherette layer which does the grounding, and the soft foam backing (which is latex free, suitable for people with allergies to latex) grips the desk surface very well and does not slide around at all.

Measuring the thickness of the mat, it’s around 3mm (1/8”) thick, giving it an unobtrusive low profile, so there’s no a high raised edge to catch against, making it much more comfortable to use.

The Adapter Plug has a built in splitter, which allows you to connect a second earthing product to the same power outlet point, saving space on your wall points and saving money if you want to purchase and use other products like this one in the same room.

The grounding cord is a very generous length of 3.6m (12 foot) and will reach from a power outlet to almost any other point in an average-sized room. Another nice touch is the quality of the wire used on the grounding cord, it’s light but very sturdy, and the insulation is a white glossy plastic tangle-free plastic, somewhat like the type used on the leads on decent quality headphones, but much thicker and stronger.

Also included in the box is very clearly printed and well written ‘Usage, Care & Safety Instructions’ sheet. You can click on the image to view a larger version. The reverse side of this sheet includes additional general information which is applicable to all grounding/earthing products.

Universal Earthing Mat - Instructions

From initial appearances, examining each of the items supplied, this product appears to be a high quality item that is very well made. So far I’m impressed!

Next step is to set up the product and test it to see how well it performs and does what it’s supposed to do, ground you!

 

Setting Up the Universal Earthing Mat

It’s really quick and easy to set up the Universal Earthing Mat, it only take a minute or two to connect it all together and have it up and running.

Universal Earthing Mat connecting

Here’s how to set up the Universal Earthing Mat in four easy steps:

  1. Place the Universal Earthing Mat under your computer keyboard or on the ground at your feet (over over a footrest).
  2. Clip the Grounding Cord round connector end to the Universal Earthing Mat.
  3. Plug the long connector end of the Grounding Cord into the Adapter Plug.
  4. Plug the Adapter Plug into a power outlet or power board.

Now it’s ready to use, it’s that simple.

 

Tests and Measures

We’ll begin our testing by looking at the individual components first, then we’ll connect them all up as described earlier and test the assembled system to see how well it works.

Testing the individual components, we’ll begin by looking at the Grounding Cord. Here I’m testing with a multimeter set to the Ohms range (electrical resistance) to measure how well the grounding cord conducts electricity.

Universal Earthing Mat - Grounding Cord Test

The resistance reading is 101.4 kilo-ohms, so the grounding cord clearly has an internal resistance of around 100k (100,000 ohms). This is an additional electrical safety measure to limit current to safe levels if there was some unlikely major disaster with home mains wiring which the earth leakage detectors in the home fuses box should prevent. Having this backup safety measure is an excellent idea. How well will this safety measure work? Using ohms law, V=IxR, this will limit the current to 2.4mA in a 240V mains system such as in Australia, and to 1.1mA in a 110V US mains system, well below the level that will cause electric shock.

Next, we’ll look at the Adapter Plug which has a built in splitter. For safety, the Live (Active) and Neutral pins are made of plastic and therefor cannot conduct any electricity at all, the only conductive pin is the Earth (Ground) pin. On the top of the plug are two points or sockets for grounding cords to connect to, allowing two grounding products to be connected to one mains outlet. These two connection points are 5mm wide sockets (a bit over 3/16”) which take the proprietary plug of the same dimensions found on one end of the grounding cord.

The Adapter Plug pictured below is compatible with an Australian mains plug, it’s also available in many other formats such as US, UK, Europe, Danish – Type K and Israel -Type H.

Earthing Adapter Plug

 

If we test the Adapter Plug for electrical conductivity, we find that the Earth (Ground) pin is simply connected directly to the two grounding cord connection points as expected.

Earthing Adapter Plug testing

 

Now that we’ve looked at all the components separately, let’s connect them all up together and do some more testing!

Earthing Mat Testing Diagram

In this test I’ve once again set the a multimeter set to the Ohms range (electrical resistance) to measure how well our product conducts electricity.

I’ve connected the the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to the second grounding cord connection point on the Adapter Plug, and lightly pressed the multimeter’s red lead on the surface of the Universal Earthing Mat (to not damage the surface). What we’re doing is measuring how well the connection from the mains power outlet Earth pin to the mat’s surface conducts electricity.

Universal Earthing Mat conductivity

Results of first test:

Our connection reads an electrical resistance of 104.1k (approximately 100 kilo-ohms once again), which is a little more than the safety resistance of the Grounding Cord, showing that we have an excellent electrical connection to the ground. So yes, the product will definitely connect you to the ground electrically, there’s no doubts about that!

The testing doesn’t end here though, we still need to determine whether the Universal Earthing Mat can reduce the stray electricity that unnaturally flows through our  bodies when we’re exposed to man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs). Without further ado, let us move onto the second phase of testing.

 

Performance Testing

In this test, sitting in front of my computer, I will measure the voltage produced in my body through exposure to EMFs created by the surrounding electrical equipment and wiring, then I’ll rest my hand on the Universal Earthing Mat to ground myself and observe if the voltage in my body drops.

Testing body voltage is fairly straightforward:

  1. Set the multimeter range to the Volts AC range
  2. Connect the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to an Earth/Ground connection (such as the grounding cord connection point on the Adapter Plug)*
  3. Touch the tip of the red multimeter lead with your fingers and read the AC voltage on the multimeter display.

Testing Body Voltage Diagram

* SAFETY NOTE – DO NOT push the tip of the multimeter lead directly into any power outlet to get a ground connection from the Earth/Ground pin, because if you accidentally put it into the Live or Neutral pin holes, YOU”LL GET ELECTROCUTED or damage your multimeter!!!

NOTE: You can get a safe ground connection by connecting the multimeter’s ground (black) lead to a tap/faucet, metal kitchen sink, copper water or gas pipe, a metal rod pushed into the dirt, or on the outside of your computer or other electronic equipment, any bare metal surface or screw, usually found on the back.

With the multimeter’s common (black) lead connected safely to ground via the Adapter Plug, and my hand holding the tip of the other lead, my body is flowing 4.480V AC through it!

Testing Body Voltage

Now, resting my finger on the Universal Earthing Mat, the voltage in my body drops down significantly from 4.480V AC to a mere 0.275V AC, that’s almost a 94% reduction.

Testing Body Voltage - grounded

 

If you’re wondering why by body is humming away with almost 5V going through it when I’m not in contact with the Universal Earthing Mat, a quick measure of the magnetic field should explain things. Using my old trusty Trifield meter, set to the 0-3 milligauss Magnetic field range, and placing it where my hand sits on the earthing mat, the meter reads 2.0 milligauss, as shown in the picture below. That may not seem like much, but there’s more to the story…

Trifield Meter

It’s so easy to miss the whole picture when measuring EMFs! If I reconsider what constitutes ‘me’, remembering that I have legs which extend under the desk near the power outlets on the wall, and that there’s other electrical gear such as power adapters for several electronic devices, phone chargers, etc.  down there on the floor, then we have a more complete picture.  Placing the Trifield meter where my feet rest when I push my footrest forward towards the wall, the reading is a whopping 15 milligauss!  That’s over seven times higher than our first reading. Not good…

 

Results of second test:

Looking at this test, we’ve seen that with me as the test subject sitting in a magnetic field that varies between 2 – 15mG, an AC voltage of 4.8V is induced in my body, which drops down by 94% to below 0.28V when I am in physical contact with the Universal Earthing Mat. Clearly, we can conclude that the Universal Earthing Mat does in fact reduce the body voltage created by EMFs.

So far the test results are excellent, but there’s still a third phase of testing to do, to determine if the user of the product will feel any noticeable difference over the long term.

 

Long-Term Testing

At the beginning of this product review I stated that for the sake of thoroughness, and to determine if there are any observable long-term benefits from using the Universal Earthing Mat, I tested the Universal Earthing Mat over a period of three months.

I’m a trainer and writer, so I spend considerable time on the computer, writing up training materials, articles for various groups and organisations, as well as articles and product reviews for my own website of course! I’ve been doing this for years. Much as I’d hate to admit it, I’m on the computer every day, so the Universal Earthing Mat being reviewed here has seen a lot of use over the three month test period. Thankfully I also work outdoors part time and also and have a lot of health & wellbeing-oriented pastimes that keep me away from the computer and allow me to maintain a healthy balance!

 

Results of third test:

After testing over a period of three month of daily use, the Universal Earthing Mat appears well made as there is no visible signs of wear and tear. I would have to conclude that this is a quality product that will most likely last a very long time. That’s only half the story though…

You’re probably wondering if I’ve noticed anything significant after conducting the long term testing of this product. Well, when I first received the product, I wasn’t sure what I would experience, I’m naturally sceptical but open minded person, and having a double-major in the biomedical sciences, I like to test things out for myself and draw my own conclusions, I do the scientific thing and not pass judgement or form any opinions until I have sufficient evidence.

I know from years of experience how I feel physically and mentally after spending long hours in front of the computer, especially when staying up late trying to meet deadlines! I have extensive experience to compare against, and I was interested to see whether the claims held up that grounding/earthing could greatly reduce or eliminate electrical stress on the body, which leads to feeling fatigued, sore eyes and a reduction in focus.

In my experience, I must say that I was honestly surprised that this grounding/earthing product did indeed deliver significant noticeable benefits. Since I’ve been using the Universal Earthing Mat, I’ve found that I don’t feel tired, drained or fatigued after using the computer, even after many hours of use. More importantly, I don’t seem to get the eye fatigue that plagued me in the past. I personally feel that I can maintain a clearer focus and mental alertness for a much longer duration on the computer when I’m grounded, connected back to the Earth. I’ve been told that other users of earthing products have reported similar benefits, so it appears that my experience is not unique. I’m definitely sold on this product, and I’m confident that others will also notice a difference in the same way that I have.

 

Conclusion

I highly recommend the Universal Earthing Mat to anyone who spends time in front of a computer! It’s a well-made, affordable earthing/grounding product which will deliver the health benefits it promises. It will reduce the harmful effects of EMFs in any work or home environment by dissipating unnatural electrical currents in the body that produce biological effects and alter cell function.  You’ll definitely feel the difference from being grounded when using a computer, with noticeably less tiredness and fatigue. The Universal Earthing Mat can also be used as a general purpose grounding mat as its name suggests, it’s not just restricted to computer users. This product is definitely a worthwhile investment in one’s own personal health. I’m definitely glad I own one!

Deep Green rating for Earthing Oz  – Universal Earthing Mat is 5 stars!

5-star_thumb1

 

Purchasing the product:

In Australia, the Universal Earthing Mat can be purchased from Earthing Oz on their online store.

Earthing Oz supplied the product I tested, and my experience with then was very positive, they deliver excellent customer service, with prompt communication and great advice. For Australians It’s cheaper to purchase locally from Earthing Oz as this avoids international shipping fees.

If you’re outside Australia, the Universal Earthing Mat is available from Earthing.com. By buying from Earthing you know you’re getting the genuine Earthing product as there are copy-cat versions out there and there are reports that customers have bought these cheaper Chinese versions and found the quality is poor and that they don’t last. 

(You can click the image or link below to view product details or purchase this product from Earthing via Amazon and support Deep Green Permaculture!)


Universal Mat Kit

 

If you are interested in submitting a product for review, please contact us via email at deep_green@optusnet.com.au , thanks!

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