How To Plant a Fruit Tree, Step by Step

“He who plants a tree plants a hope.” -Lucy Larcom Planting a fruit tree is truly an investment in the future, it may take a year or three before a tree begins to bear fruit, but most fruit trees can be productive for 20 to 30 years or more. To give a fruit tree itsContinue reading “How To Plant a Fruit Tree, Step by Step”

Citrus Problems, Why Citrus Fruit Drops and Flowers Fail to Develop

Is your citrus tree dropping its fruit before they reach full size, or even worse, dropping the flowers before fruit even begin to form? This problem can happen to oranges, lemons, lime, grapefruit, mandarins and all other citrus. Trees photosynthesise to produce carbohydrates such as sugars which they store as their energy source. They canContinue reading “Citrus Problems, Why Citrus Fruit Drops and Flowers Fail to Develop”

Apple Tree Problems – Sun Scald

Sun scald is not a disease, but damage caused to apples and many other fruit, caused by high temperatures and strong sunlight in summer. Typically, sun scald damage appear on sun-exposed side, which is usually towards the direction of the midday to afternoon sun. The cells die in the sunburnt area, forming an irregularly shapedContinue reading “Apple Tree Problems – Sun Scald”

Citrus Nutrient Deficiency – Yellow Leaves

If leaves are yellowing on a citrus tree, it may be a sign of nutrient deficiency, but it may not be, depending on which leaves are yellowing. Older leaves yellowing are quite normal as long as it’s only happening to a very small number of the very oldest leaves. Evergreen trees such as citrus willContinue reading “Citrus Nutrient Deficiency – Yellow Leaves”

Citrus Problems – Why Is My Citrus Tree Dying?

Why do apparently healthy looking citrus trees suddenly start deteriorating in a matter of days, with leaves curling then dropping, branches dying back, eventually resulting in the loss of the tree? There are several causes, often caused by common gardening mistakes, which are easy to avoid. Curling Citrus Leaves as An Indicator of Root ProblemsContinue reading “Citrus Problems – Why Is My Citrus Tree Dying?”

Horticultural Glues and Tree Banding Trees to Controls Ants and Other Pests

Glue-banding of tree trunks is an effective technique for controlling various pests of fruit trees. A waterproof band covered in horticultural glue, an aggressive long-lasting adhesive, is wrapped around the trunk of the tree to create a sticky barrier which prevents climbing insects from making their way into the tree canopy to feed, mate, andContinue reading “Horticultural Glues and Tree Banding Trees to Controls Ants and Other Pests”

Apple Tree Diseases – Crown Gall

Crown gall is a bacterial disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens (syn. Rhizobium radiobacter), which produces tumour-like swellings on the bark of trees and plants. It can infect a wide range of dicotyledonous (broad-leaved) plants, particularly members of the Rosaceae (rose) family such as roses, raspberries, almonds, cherries, peaches, pears and apples. These disease-causing bacteria liveContinue reading “Apple Tree Diseases – Crown Gall”

Citrus Problems – Why Citrus Fruit Splitting Occurs and How To Prevent It

Various cultivars of Navel and Valencia oranges, mandarins and mandarin hybrids are prone to fruit splitting, a pre-harvest physiological rind disorder. Gardeners often wonder if this phenomenon is caused by a nutrient deficiency. Actually, there’s another cause, but plant nutrition can play a part in the splitting of citrus peel. How Does Citrus Peel Split?Continue reading “Citrus Problems – Why Citrus Fruit Splitting Occurs and How To Prevent It”

Apple Tree Diseases and Planting Location

Apple trees branches covered in patches of white, woolly fuzz? What you’re seeing is a  woolly aphid infestation . These pests can be controlled by spraying a few applications of horticultural oil spray (preferably a natural oil based product rather than a petroleum oil based one) 7 days apart, it suffocates them quite effectively, andContinue reading “Apple Tree Diseases and Planting Location”

Citrus Nutrient Deficiency – Yellow Leaf with Green Veins

One of the most common nutrient deficiencies seen on citrus is the yellowing of the leaf with dark green veins. Yellow leaves with dark green veins on older leaves indicates magnesium deficiency, and is corrected using Epsom salts (Magnesium sulphate). Yellow leaves with dark green veins on young leaves indicates iron deficiency, and is correctedContinue reading “Citrus Nutrient Deficiency – Yellow Leaf with Green Veins”

Citrus Problems – Citrus Yellow Veins on Green Leaf in Winter

Are your citrus leaves turning green with yellow veins in winter? When gardeners see this colour change in their citrus leaves, they often wonder if this is due to a nutrient deficiency, and if so, what they can do to fix it. Leaf Chlorosis The abnormal yellowing of leaf tissue is called chlorosis, which isContinue reading “Citrus Problems – Citrus Yellow Veins on Green Leaf in Winter”

Citrus Problems – How to Control Citrus Gall Wasp, Methods That Work

What are Citrus Galls? Citrus galls are unsightly swellings caused by a tiny female citrus gall wasp (Bruchophagus fellis) which lays her eggs in the soft new growth of citrus trees in spring. As the new growth hardens off, a woody gall forms around the growing wasp larvae. Each gall contains many wasp larvae, eachContinue reading “Citrus Problems – How to Control Citrus Gall Wasp, Methods That Work”

How to Net Fruit Trees and Berries for Pest Control

Natural pest control techniques such as companion planting can control most of your small garden pests such as insects, but what can gardeners do about birds and animals? The seasonal event of birds and other critters stripping fruit trees clean is nothing new for farmers, but urban gardeners are now seeing more birds, rats, possums,Continue reading “How to Net Fruit Trees and Berries for Pest Control”

The Difference Between Seedling, Grafted and Cutting Grown Fruit Trees

Fruit trees naturally reproduce themselves from seeds, but most fruit trees that you buy are not produced that way for very good reasons. There are many ways to propagate fruit trees, and each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Whether you propagate fruit trees yourself or buy them from a garden nursery, all fruit areContinue reading “The Difference Between Seedling, Grafted and Cutting Grown Fruit Trees”

Permaculture Edible Hedges

If you thought that hedges and hedging were restricted to ornamental gardening only, you’d be seriously mistaken! Hedges are quite useful in a garden, and can serve many functions, such as: barriers for security, privacy and screening purposes shade for people or gardens – especially protection from from the hot afternoon sun windbreaks aesthetic elementsContinue reading “Permaculture Edible Hedges”

Backyard Orchard Culture, a New Approach to Growing Fruit Trees in Limited Spaces

This article is an introduction to the gardening technique of Backyard Orchard Culture – a system of high density planting of fruit trees which allows for a wide variety of fruit to be grown in a limited space, and harvested over a prolonged period of time. Typically, most people grow fruit trees the same wayContinue reading “Backyard Orchard Culture, a New Approach to Growing Fruit Trees in Limited Spaces”

How to Build an Espalier Support Trellis

What is an Espalier? An espalier (pronounced “es-PAL-yer”) is a tree that has been trained to grow in a flat plane against a wall,fence, or trellis, though the term has also been used to  describe the technique of training a tree to grow this way. The technique was invented by the ancient Romans, and furtherContinue reading “How to Build an Espalier Support Trellis”

Companion Planting Table

  Good Companions Bad Companions Apples Chives, Horsetail (Equisetum), Foxgloves, WallflowersNasturtiums, Garlic, Onions Grass, Potatoes Apricots Basil, Tansy, Southernwood Tomatoes, Sage Asparagus Tomatoes, Parsley, Basil   Basil Tomatoes, Asparagus, Parsley, Apricots   Beans Carrots, Cucumbers, Cabbages, Lettuce, Peas, ParsleyCauliflower, Spinach, Summer Savory Onions, Garlic, Fennel, Gladioli, Sunflowers, Kohlrabi Beans, Broad Potatoes, Sweetcorn, Dill   Beans,Continue reading “Companion Planting Table”