What do you do with your bokashi bin contents if you don’t have a large garden to dig them into? As discussed in the previous Bokashi Composting article, you can always put the processed bokashi food waste into your compost bin or into your worm farm (a little at a time till the worms get used to it!), but what do you do if you don’t have either of these options? The good news is that you can covert your bokashi bin contents into dark, nutrient-rich soil in as little as a few weeks with a simple DIY device called a Bokashi Soil Generator! The fancy name actually makes it sound more complicated than it really is, the process is so simple it’s unbelievable, and the equipment used is readily available anywhere.
Keep in mind that you cant store the completed fermented bokashi contents for any serious length of time, but when you convert the material into a bokashi soil, you can store it and use it as a planting mix or soil amendment in pots or in your garden in the same way that you use compost – you can dig it into the hole when planting new plants, or dig it in to the soil around existing plants.
Building a Bokashi Soil Generator
To build a Bokashi Soil Generator you will need the following materials:
- Any large container with drain holes or without a bottom to use as the soil generator – a 40-50cm wide plastic pot is ideal.
(In terms of size, choose a container large enough to contain your bokashi contents and a similar volume of soil)
- A lid or cover for your container (does not need to be airtight or a good fit)
- Your completed bokashi container contents
- Garden soil (or used potting medium/potting mix that you wish to recycle)
- Compost (optional)
The construction steps are as easy as filling a pot with dirt!
- Select a container with drain holes or without a bottom to use as the soil generator – any recycled container will do.
Sit the soil generator container over a garden bed or path so any liquids can drain into the soil.
Here I’m using an old 50cm wide plastic pot as the soil generator container, sitting on a garden oath.
- Next, you’ll need some compost, just dig some out of your compost bin or comport heap.The compost is optional and is used as an inoculant to add lots of beneficial microbes to the mix to speed up the conversion into soil.
If you don’t have compost, just use soil or recycled potting mix.
- Pour the compost (or soil or recycled potting mix) into the container until it is approximately 1/3 full.
- Empty the processed bokashi food waste into the container.
Notice that the processed food waste still looks like regular food waste, only pickled!
- Mix the materials to blend them together if you want to produce bokashi soil in around 4 weeks
OR if you prefer not to do any mixing and want to produce bokashi soil in around 12 weeks then leave it alone and proceed to next step.
- Pour garden soil (or recycled potting mix) over the top of the (mixed or unmixed) bokashi contents to cover them up. This will create a ‘sandwich’ of three layers with compost (or soil or recycled potting mix) at the bottom of the container, the bokashi contents in the middle, and soil (or recycled potting mix) on top.
- Cover the container with a lid or cover to stop it drying out in warm weather or getting flooded in wet weather. The lid or cover can be loose fitting, and does not need to be airtight. Even a piece of board will suffice.Now just let it sit there for four weeks if mixed, or twelve weeks if unmixed, and allow the microbes to do their work, that’s basically it!
The second pot in the background is covered with a mesh tray so rain can enter, this will work when the weather is mildly warm with light rain.
- Completed, well maybe…
A quick check shows there are still some visible ingredients, leave for a bit longer…
- Truly complete. The end product is rich, dark bokashi soil, and the original materials are no longer visible.(The stuff visible on the surface is just debris that has blown into the pot when the cover was removed and tiny seedlings emerging from seeds blown in by the wind – so yes, it’s fertile enough to raise seeds in!)
Using a bokashi soil generator you can process bokashi fermented food waste to convert it into soil which is ready to use in your garden or container plants, making it ideal for people with small gardens.
Even for those with gardens who can’t be bothered digging (like me, I’m a no-dig gardener), this is a great way to produce rich organic matter to incorporate into your garden to improve your soil.
In case you’re wondering, a no-dig gardener will add fertilizer and any soil amendments such as bokashi soil, compost or worm castings to the top of garden beds at the start of spring and autumn, and then cover the lot with a generous layer of mulch, and that’s all the soil work for the next season’s gardening!
Adam Footer – “Bokashi Composting; Scraps to Soil in Weeks”, New Society Publishers, 2014.