Sea shells should not be used in plant pots because they are made of calcium carbonate (chemical formula CaCO₃), which is exactly the same substance as limestone and garden lime. They will make the potting medium extremely alkaline. Some plants don’t grow well in alkaline soils!
Any material that is added to improve drainage should be inert, it should not react chemically with the potting medium to alter the soil pH.
For this reason, it’s a bad idea to put limestone instead of gravel in the bottom of flower pots for drainage, don’t do it!
Adding a layer of rocks or any other material to the bottom of plant pots does not improve drainage at all anyway, this myth has been thoroughly discredited. For more information see the article – Should You Put Gravel or Rocks at the Bottom of Plant Pots for Drainage?
If you want to improve drainage in houseplants, the correct way to do it is to amend the potting medium to create a faster draining mix. I explain all the materials that can be used for this purpose in the article – How to Improve Drainage in Plant Pots, The Proper Way to Do It!
Crushed sea shells can be used to increase calcium levels in garden soil, and to make it more alkaline for lime-loving plants, but it’s best to keep sea shells out of your houseplants.
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Hi! When I need drainage stones, I usually grab a hand full out of my driveway. I am assuming it is limestone. So, is this the same scenario at the sea shells and calcium carbonate? I rinse it and put on bottom of pot, top with plant and soil.
Hi Val, great question! Limestone is chalky and white, so if the pebbles on your driveway are hard and glossy, they’re probably quartz which is more like glass and totally inert. I place single quartz pebbles or piece of broken terracotta pot over each drainage hole in a pot before putting in the potting mix, to stop it falling out., it still lets the water through.
Concrete also contains lime, and will leach it out, which is why concrete pavers should never be used in water gardens to elevate pots to the water level, use brick pavers instead, they’re made of clay.
The simplest way to test if stones contain limestone is to put one in a glass jar and pour in some vinegar so it’s around 2-3 times the height of the stone. If the stone contains limestone, it will begin to fizz and bubble gently as the acid in the vinegar dissolves the limestone, and releases carbon dioxide bubbles.