January Vegetable and Herb Gardening Calendar for Temperate Climate Australia

Australia map of temperate climate zones
Australia map of temperate climate zones
Australia – Temperate climate zones

It’s January, and we find ourselves right in the middle of the summer season. It’s in this month and the next that we experience the hottest daytime and night temperatures of the year.

With the weather so hot and dry at this time, and with hot winds blowing, it’s important to keep up with the watering, especially for plants in containers.

The occasional heavy rains raise the humidity, and the warmth brings insects, so keep a lookout for any diseases or pests in the garden.

Cover fruit trees with bird-netting to protect the fruit, and support or prop up branches heavily laden with fruit if they look too heavy.

Not forgetting the vegetables, it’s now time to harvest early potatoes, garlic, shallots and globe artichokes.

Sow some winter brassicas such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and swedes at this month, so they can be harvested in the winter season.

To ensure that indeterminate (tall growing/staking variety) tomatoes ripen their fruit this late in the season, pinch out the growing tips to stop further green growth and remove any side-shoots, so the plant’s vigour is directed towards the fruit.

Things to Do This Month:

  • Continue tying growing vines and brambleberries such as blackberries and their hybrids back to supports or wires.
  • Prune summer fruiting raspberries – after fruit is picked, cut out old canes and tie new canes (that have grown this year) to supports.
  • Propagation of semi-hardwood (semi-ripe) cuttings is done in mid-late summer, use rooting hormone, and plant in moist commercial propagation mix, or make your own with one-part coarse propagating sand (washed river sand) and one part peat or coconut coir.
  • Cut and dry herbs for winter use.
  • Harvest seed from perennial plants.
  • Last chance to sow vegetable seeds for harvesting in autumn.
  • Keep an eye on water gardens and ponds, water levels can get low due to evaporation. Aquatic plants, including oxygenators, can become overgrown and require thinning at this time of year.

Vegetables and Herbs to Grow in January (Temperate Climate)

January Seeds to Sow and Seedlings to Plant (Temperate Climate Australia)Sow/PlantHarvest (weeks)
Amaranthdst7-8
Asparagus Pead8-11
Basilst10-12
Beans (Climbing)dst9-11
Beans (Dwarf, Bush)dst7-10
Beetrootdst7-10
Broccolist10-16
Brussels Sproutsst14-28
Burdockd17-18
Cabbagest8-15
Carrotd12-18
Cauliflowerst15-22
Celeriact14-28
Celeryt17-18
Chicoryst16-24
Chinese Cabbagest8-10
Chivesdst7-11
Collard Greensdst8-11
Coriander (Cilantro)dst30-45
Cucumberdst8-10
Dilldst8-12
Endivedst10-11
Fennel (Bronze)dst14-15
Fennel (Florence)dst14-20
French Tarragont30-40 days
Horseradishplant root pieces16-24
Kaledst7-9
Kohlrabidst7-10
Leeksdst15-18
Lemon Balmdst8-10
Lettucedst8-12
Luffadst11-12
Marrowst12-17
Mintdt8-12
NZ Spinach (Warrigal Greens)dst8-10
Oreganost6-8
Parsleydst9-19
Radishd5-7
Swedes (Rutabaga)s10-14
Salsifyd14-21
Silverbeet (Swiss Chard)dst7-12
Spring Onions (Bunching Onions)st6-10
Squashdt7-8
Sweet Cornt11-14
Tomatillot10-14
Tomatot8-17
Turnipd6-9
Zucchini (Courgette, Marrow)dst6-9

Key:
d = sow seeds directly into ground
s = sow seeds into seed tray
ds = sow seeds directly into ground or seed tray
t = transplant seedlings (small plants) into larger pots or plant into ground
*= frost tender
**= sow after frost

Download printable PDF version of Gardening Calendar (Australian Temperate Climate) – January

2 Comments

  1. Matthew says:

    ‘Transplant seedlings’ is a great addition to your great resource, thanks!

    1. Angelo (admin) says:

      Thanks Matthew, you’re welcome! I’ve added the information on what seedlings to transplant in addition to the seed sowing information to make the gardening calendars more useful. If you’re too late in the season to sow seeds, there’s still the option of buying seedlings and planting those. There will also be gardening calendars every month for every climate in Australia, rather the just the temperate climates! 🙂

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